These advantages of microstrip. STARS Citation. This paper studies differentially-driven microstrip antennas. Microstrip or patch antennas are becoming increasingly useful because they can be printed directly onto a circuit board. Two dual frequency microstrip antennas designed with HFSS, that is manufactured by Ansoft of the United States, can be applied to WLAN. Algorithm description. Integrals in the Moment Method Solution of Microstrip Antennas and Circuits," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, accepted for publication. Each element antenna is designed to have a tilted beam toward a. 1: Basic rectangular microstrip patch antenna construction. In this paper, we investigate the effect of substrate thickness on the radiation characteristics of an inductor-loaded patch antenna for several substrate thicknesses by simulation using HFSS (High Frequency Structure Simulator) and experiment. N2 - Wireless technology plays a critical role in the development of flexible and stretchable electronics due to the increasing demand for compactness, portability, and level of comfort. VSWR attributes of the Microstrip octagonal patch antenna. Wire antennas are a simple and familiar type of antenna, which are seen almost. Abstract—A wide-band slot antenna element is proposed as a building block for designing single- or multi-element wide-band or dual-band slot antennas. directivity antenna systems, comprising of a microstrip patch antenna (MPA) covered by a planar EBG superstrate. ANTENNA DESIGN. Microstrip antennas are smaller in size and. The proposed antenna is simulated on Duroid substrate with dielectric constant of 2. Radiation patterns of a circular microstrip antenna have been calculated with Green's functions for a two-layer medium and compared with previous results which are valid for thin slabs and small dielectric constants. The idea of microstrip antenna was first presented in 1950s but it only got serious attention in the 1970s [1]. 88mm but did not get good s11 parameter even it was not touching the -10db. Microstrip patch antennas radiate primarily because of the fringing fields between the patch edge and the ground plane. Microstrip patch antennas have become the favorite of antenna designers because of its versatility and advantages of planar profile, ease of fabrication, compatibility with integrated circuit technology, and conformability with a shaped surface. A dual-band microstrip rectangular patch antenna for WLAN in vehicular communication applications is proposed. Jacobsen S(1), Rolfsnes HO, Stauffer PR. Next, in order to investigate the effect of covering the feed line of the microstrip patch antenna with the MUT on the resonant frequency of the antenna, the S 11 characteristics of the conventional and proposed patch antennas were compared when the length of the MUT was decreased from the input port of the antenna. In this paper, radiation characteristics including return loss, gain, and radiation pattern of a rectangular patch antenna over an EBG substrate are investigated. Handbook of Microstrip Antennas, Peter S. The disadvantages are that when high isolation is required such as in a filter or switch, some external shielding may have to be considered. , < 1) cylinder for the purpose kb. Frequency Range. Applications include GPS, USAF SGLS, NASA SN (Including. various microstrip-fed wide slot antennas have been proposed, studies on the effect of the microstrip-fed offset and microstrip position are rare. of wire antennas such as a straight wire (dipole), loop, and helix. polarization characteristics of microstrip patch antenna. Abstract: A Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna with “Circular Rings” shaped metamaterial connected with each other using strip lines, is designed at a height of 3. Reconflgurable Microstrip Stacked Array Antenna with Frequency and Pattern Characteristics Nurulazlina Ramli1, *, Mohd T. Integrals in the Moment Method Solution of Microstrip Antennas and Circuits," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, accepted for publication. characteristics can normally be realised by cross-cou- pled filter configurations [ 1-51. One of the types of antenna is the microstrip patch antenna (MPA). proposed antenna exhibits good UWB characteristics and has the capability of operating from 2. Magnetic Surface Currents. Fractal shaped microstrip patch antenna is also implemented using the foam substrate. Radiation Efficiency and Power Gain. polarization currents. this paper we discuss the microstrip antenna, types of microstrip antenna, feeding techniques and application of. The antenna is simulated on Duroid substrate with dielectric constant of 2. In this paper, we propose a new structure patch antenna excited by two identical microstrip lines having a common feeding adapted to 50 ohm and intended to applications of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID). antenna, (b) duplex antenna, and (c) quadruple patch antenna. It provides better efficiency and better radiation and large operating bandwidth. A dual-band dual-polarized stacked microstrip antenna with high-isolation and band-notch characteristics is proposed. The general characteristic, of almost the entire, of the multiband printed elements is that their designing generally is initiated from an ordinary patch shape which is then perturbed. 6 GHz WIMAX Applications. A microstrip antenna in its basic form consists of a metallic radiating patch on one side of dielectric substrate, which has a ground plane on other side. A guide to broadband microstrip antennas, offering information to help you choose and design the optimum broadband microstrip antenna configurations for your applications, without sacrificing other antenna parameters. The antennas have properties and characteristics to ensure proper operation. Eight-element. EM Cavity Model. VSWR attributes of the Microstrip octagonal patch antenna. MBES College Of Enggineering,Ambajogai /Dr. This paper mainly studies the dual frequency characteristics of microstrip antennas. Richard Claus, Chairman Dr. The radiation characteristics of nearly square microstrip antenna are greatly affected by the shape and size of the ground plane [5]. Presents a novel approach to enhance the radiation characteristics of planar antennas using FSS technology; Systematic design and analysis of FSS based antenna structure will help reader to understand. 25 dBi) monopole [1-2] microstrip patch antenna for ultra-wideband application is proposed. 1, 2 Department of Electronics and Communication, Swami Keshvanand Institute of Technology and Gramothan, Jaipur, India. 6 GHz is studied. The present paper reports on investigations into the phase change with respect to the element's size change (dPhi/dS) for a single layer microstrip reflectarray. A Dual-Band Microstrip Antenna with Omnidirectional Circularly Polarized and Unidirectional Linearly Polarized Characteristics Based on Metamaterial Structure. 5, utilizing. 1021/acsami. The basic structure of the antenna has been estimated using the transmission line model. Some recently reported articles [6,7] show the variation of input characteristics like operating frequency and in-put impedance of microstrip antenna as a function of aspect ratio. the characteristics of the circular patch antenna. Far-field Formulas. On top & bottom edges, current is null and on at the feed, it is maximum, It decrease towards the edges. is shown in Figure 2. In this paper, we present an offset microstrip-fed ultrawideband antenna with band notch characteristics. Introduction. Microstrip patch antennas consist of a metallic patch on a grounded substrate. Our results confirm the main conclusions of a theoretical study published recently by Ali, Chew and Kong and show that: (a) the bandwidth of the TM11 mode is very small while that of the TM12 mode is relatively large, and (b) the lauching efficiency of the TM12 mode is. 1049/PBEW028F_ch3; For access to this article, please select a purchase option:. Rigorous analyses of the resonant frequency characteristics of the antenna are then performed with the matched asymptotic expansions technique and the perturbation approach. The ground plane must have comparatively very large dimensions than the patch. The discontinuities represent abrupt changes in the microstrip line geometry. Microstrip antennas, as shown in Figure 2. The choice of the antenna should take into consideration the application. BAMU Aurangabad. 1 Microstrip Antenna Microstrip antennas, as shown in figure: 1, consists of a very thin metallic strip (patch) placed a small fraction of a wavelength above a ground plane. title = "Radiation characteristics of a circular microstrip antenna", abstract = "Radiation patterns of a circular microstrip antenna have been calculated with Green's functions for a two-layer medium and compared with previous results which are valid for thin slabs and small dielectric constants. Bandwidth. The use of metamaterials in single or multiple layers has been shown to contribute a great deal to the design of a high-gain microstrip antenna at 10. By understanding the microstrip transmission line, designers can properly build these structures to. An integral equation for the unknown patch current densities is formulated in the spectral domain. Fig 1 Basic Structure of Microstrip Patch Antenna So many advantages and applications can be mentioned for microstrip patch antennas over conventional antennas. The bandwidth of antenna is defined as the range of frequencies over which the characteristics of the antenna are maintained to the specified value. AU - Yi, Ning. Certain basic characteristics of antenna are listed below: Antenna Radiation Pattern. Originality/value: The characteristics of conformal microstrip antennas are investigated for single patch radiators and patch elements in array environments. The impedance matching and the radiation characteristics of this proposed structure is studied using method of moment techniques. antenna, to achieve the miniaturization of antenna, the planer antenna has some characteristics such as simple, small, light, low proflle, and so on, have been proposed and investigated. In order to describe the algorithm for the design of conformal microstrip antennas, for the sake of simplicity, let us first consider a probe-fed planar microstrip antenna with a gular patch of length Lpa and width Wpa , mounted on a dielectric substrate of thickness hs , relative permittivity εr , and loss tangent tan δ, such as the one shown in Figure 1(a). By introducing the defect in. As such, the resultant microstrip antenna 20 has three shorted edges, walls 27-29, and a fourth radiating edge, opening 31. Pozar, “Full-Wave Solution for an Aperture Coupled Patch Fed by Perpendicular Coplanar Strips”, IEEE Trans. 25 dBi) monopole [1-2] microstrip patch antenna for ultra-wideband application is proposed. CHARACTERISTICS OF MICROSTRIP-FED PRINTED BOW-TIE ANTENNA FOR WIDEBAND PHASED ARRAY SYSTEMS Abdelnasser A. Provide a physical understanding of the basic physical properties of microstrip antennas. As an important candidate in wireless technology, microstrip antennas have recently been explored for flexible and stretchable electronics. This kind has been selected owing to its small size, light weight, low cost and ease of fabrication as well as integration with complex circuitry. polarization currents. 1 Design of a 16GHz Compact Microstrip Antenna Array 215. Microstrip antennae are very simple in construction using a conventional microstrip fabrication technique. The microstrip patch antenna consists of the radiating patch of a length of L and width W, and inset y o used for impedance matching between the patch and 50Ω feed line. Swapnali G. The impedance and bandwidth of the proposed antenna greatly depend on the design parameters. By adding the circular patches and L shape microstrip the axial-ratio of this proposed antenna has been improved. in order to maintain the low-profile characteristics of microstrip antennas. The book discusses basic and advanced concepts of microstrip antennas, including design procedure and recent applications. Its resistive components account for the power radiated by the antennas. 5 GHz and 2. In order to match these impedances with port, a single section of quarter. The aim is to characterize the patch antenna properties in the presence of the EBG. various microstrip-fed wide slot antennas have been proposed, studies on the effect of the microstrip-fed offset and microstrip position are rare. 6 GHz band and in-band crosspolarization of less than 37 dB. Rigorous analyses of the resonant frequency characteristics of the antenna are then performed with the matched asymptotic expansions technique and the perturbation approach. 3113 GHz which are the operating. Directivity and gain. In the following sections, the microstrip tapered infinite balun design is introduced on a flexible substrate for wearable antenna applications. However, narrow bandwidth and low gain are the major drawbacks of microstrip antennas. Eldek, Atef Z. Consequently the microstrip antennas are utilized in various diverse applications these days. A metal patch mounted at a ground level with a di-electric material in-between constitutes a Micro strip or Patch Antenna. This paper presents air gap aperture coupled microstrip antenna for dual-band operation over the frequency range of (2. This paper presents the design and development of slotted rectangular microstrip antenna for quad band operation and ominidirectional radiation characteristics. They are the original type of microstrip antenna described by Howell in 1972; the two metal sheets together form a resonant piece of microstrip transmission line with a. Some recently reported articles [6,7] show the variation of input characteristics like operating frequency and in-put impedance of microstrip antenna as a function of aspect ratio. This paper mainly studies the dual frequency characteristics of microstrip antennas. 88 it was just reaching to -6 db but you know feed p0int at -8mm was giving the resturn loss (s11) parameter to -11db. The theoretical results for the input impedances are found and are in good agreement with. In its simplest configuration, microstrip antenna consists of. The microstrip antennas have special characteristics such as low profile, small size, low weight, low cost, printed directly on circuit board and easy to analysis and fabricate communication systems. (a) (b) C' L' (c) Fig. DESIGN OF RECTANGULAR PATCH ANTENNA The microstrip antennas have two slots of width W and height h, separated by a transmission line of length L. In this paper, it is shown how the impedance characteristics of a microstrip-fed wide slot antenna structure depend on microstrip offset and microstrip position. Input signal couples to the radiating patch trough the aperture that exists on the ground plane of microstrip feed line. Here we have tried to implement the beneflts of the complementary structure on the same plane and came up with the Sierpinski quasi-complementary microstrip pre-fractal patch antenna. Re: how to calculate the feed point of microstrip antenna Hello Yiannis how are you? Yiannis i have added. CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): With the advent of communication engineering techniques of microwave antenna have developed to a great extent. A patch antenna is a type of radio antenna with a low profile, which can be mounted on a flat surface. The radiating microstrip patch element is etched on the top of the antenna substrate, and the microstrip feed line is etched on the bottom of the feed substrate. 22 GHz, which the microstrip antenna is designed by the technique of patch grooved and short pin. Microstrip or patch antennas are becoming increasingly useful because they can be printed directly onto a circuit board. So feed point at that location, where the input impedance of the antenna matches the characteristics impedance of the feed (50Ÿ). encounter plasma in space and during re-entry into the atmosphere. Meeks, Daniel N. Book topics include discussion of arrays, spectral domain, high Tc superconducting microstrip antennas, optimization, multiband, dual and circular polarization, microstrip to waveguide transitions, and improving bandwidth and resonance frequency. A dual-band dual-polarized stacked microstrip antenna with high-isolation and band-notch characteristics is proposed. Microstrip patch antennas are widely used for this purpose. The bandwidth is enhanced by stacking parasitic patches on top of each inset-fed patch. 825 GHz Parasitic Element [13] 12 CWP fed UWB Antenna 4. Compact Microstrip Patch Antenna with Dual Frequency Tuning Characteristics using E-Shaped Defected Ground Plane Structure Study of the effect of ''E''- shaped defected ground structure (DGS) on frequency tuning and size reductions of a square microstrip antenna in comparison with the conventional and slit added compact patches are. This paper mainly studies the dual frequency characteristics of microstrip antennas. designing tunable microstrip antenna where the substrate can be replaced with plasma and important antenna characteristics can be controlled by varying the plasma density. Analysis And Design Of Circular Microstrip Patch Antenna At 5. Antenna size is the most important parameter in many wireless applications. 4 Characteristics and Parameters of an Antenna in Receiving Mode 24 4. 4 Design of an Integrated LTCC mm-Wave Planar Antenna Array 229 6. This is because, the requirements for the characteristics of an antenna like the gain, impedance, standing wave ratio etc. Single-feed microstrip patch antennas with fft patch shapes viz. In this paper, the characteristics of rectangularly shaped microstrip antennas involving a superstrate are investigated using the method of moments. At fu,the antenna can also support a right-hand circular polarization (RHCP) with a good axial ratio to support a satellite communi-cation system. Title: Microstrip Antennas 1 Microstrip Antennas Presented by Dr. Photo-etching is done to fabricate the radiating element and feed lines on the substrate. A notch antenna, also known as tapered slot antenna (TSA), is an end-fire traveling wave antenna. These characteristics can be obtained by the help of this artificial. This practical resource presents an understanding of the radiation mechanism and characteristics of microstrip antennas, and provides guidance on designing new types of planar monopole antennas with multi-octave bandwidth. INTRODUCTION Aperture coupling is an indirect method of feeding the patch. "This anthology combines 15 years of microstrip antenna technology research into one significant volume and includes a special introductory tutorial by the co-editors. microstrip antennas because of their low-profile and light weight characteristics. As the antenna for the radar sensor, several types of antennas, a slotted waveguide antenna1), a triplate antenna2), a dielectric lens antenna3), a dielectric leaky wave antenna4) and a microstrip antenna5), have been studied. This technological trend has focused much effort on the basic concepts, characteristics and design of a Microstrip patch antenna. Key features of a microstrip antenna are, low profile, low weight, comfortable to place on planar and non-planar surfaces, simple and inexpensive to manufacture by using printed circuit board. 04λ 0, the CP antenna is fabricated, and the performance is validated through experimental analysis. The array has a Dolph-Tschebyscheff amplitude taper. This chapter focuses on the concept of miniature reconfigurable antennas by presenting and discussing the state of art with contributions in designing reconfigurable miniature printed. which need proper alignment. 1: Basic rectangular microstrip patch antenna construction. The main characteristics of antenna are the radiation pattern. 7% ranging from 4. Pattern Analysis of "The Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna" Vivekananda Lanka Subrahmanya Final Master Degree Thesis 30 ECTS, Thesis No. enhance antenna characteristics. As an important candidate in wireless technology, microstrip antennas have recently been explored for flexible and stretchable electronics. Ultra-Wideband Monopole Antenna with Multiple Notch Characteristics. 3 Design of a Compact Single Layer Monopulse Microstrip Antenna Array With Low Side Lobe Levels 221 6. In this article, the radiation characteristics of the microstrip patch antenna with periodic defected ground structures have been studied. Islam2, and Suzilawati Muhamud-Kayat1 Abstract|This paper presents a frequency and pattern reconflgurable stacked patch microstrip array antenna fed by aperture-coupled technique. transformer in a circuit representation of aperture-coupled antenna in Figure 2. NO:612265044 INTRODUCTION In its most basic form, a Microstrip patch antenna consists of a radiating patch on one side of a dielectric substrate which has a ground plane on the other side. After analyzing the near field and far field of the antenna, it can be optimized. "This anthology combines 15 years of microstrip antenna technology research into one significant volume and includes a special introductory tutorial by the co-editors. Microstrip Antenna 2. ➨They have lower fabrication cost and hence they can be mass manufactured. Having compact size with good characteristics are the prime advantage of microstrip patch antenna. with slotted microstrip patch antennas can be taken into consideration to dropping the antenna dimensions [1,13,14]. This paper presents the design and development of slotted rectangular microstrip antenna for quad band operation and ominidirectional radiation characteristics. There are many ways to realize circular polarization in microstrip. This antenna resonated at three bands namely 4. 73 λ, the 8X1 array satisfies 90 beam width. 88mm but did not get good s11 parameter even it was not touching the -10db. polarization characteristics of microstrip patch antenna. This antenna has been simulated for the operation for a six band microstrip antenna with the centered copper post. With a low profile of 0. Matching network of a 2 x 2 microstrip patch antenna array. The microstrip is essentially a non homogeneous line of two dielectrics, typically the substrate and air. characteristics for a single-patch microstrip antenna. In this paper, radiation characteristics including return loss, gain, and radiation pattern of a rectangular patch antenna over an EBG substrate are investigated. In this paper, we present an offset microstrip-fed ultrawideband antenna with band notch characteristics. In order to describe the algorithm for the design of conformal microstrip antennas, for the sake of simplicity, let us first consider a probe-fed planar microstrip antenna with a gular patch of length Lpa and width Wpa , mounted on a dielectric substrate of thickness hs , relative permittivity εr , and loss tangent tan δ, such as the one shown in Figure 1(a). Applications include GPS, USAF SGLS, NASA SN (Including. This type of antenna is also known as a microstrip antenna. Each element antenna is designed to have a tilted beam toward a. characteristics I. , "Radiation characteristics of a wraparound microstrip antenna on a conical surface" (1994). [Kin-Lu Wong] -- Antenna expert Kin-Lu Wong compiles and organizes the latest research results and other cutting-edge developments into an extensive survey of the characteristics of microstrip antennas mounted on. with several parasitic microstrip antennas which are arranged on the same substrate surface in a way that the overall antenna characteristics are enhanced [8]. This is shown in the figure. Observations. The radiating microstrip patch element is etched on the top of the antenna substrate, and the microstrip feed line is etched on the bottom of the feed substrate. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Microstrip Patch Antennas. This is opposite for the voltage (null at feed point & maximum at the edges). Effect of Substrate Thickness on the Radiation Characteristics of Inductor-loaded Patch Antenna #Hyun-Woo Cho Microstrip patch antennas have many merits such as small size, light weight, low profile, and low cost [1]. A microstrip antenna in its basic form consists of a metallic radiating patch on one side of dielectric substrate, which has a ground plane on other side. design considerations of microstrip antennas on the basis of bandwidth, radiation characteristics and antenna pattern are discussed. This practical resource presents an understanding of the radiation mechanism and characteristics of microstrip antennas, and provides guidance on designing new types of planar monopole antennas with multi-octave bandwidth. New Types of Microstrip Antennas for the Applications Typically, patch antennas are narrowband and their Q factor is inversely proportional to frequency. The measurement results confirmed the theoretical analysis. This paper presents the effect of changing the location and size of the defect introduced in ground plane on the characteristics of the rectangular microstrip patch antenna. Hung-Yu Yang and Jesse A. To obtain the. with several parasitic microstrip antennas which are arranged on the same substrate surface in a way that the overall antenna characteristics are enhanced [8]. Simulation Results The design of conventional and our proposed circular microstrip patch antennas is carried out with simulation soft CST Microwave Studio. Effective Loss Tangent [7] Radiation Efficiency, Directivity, Gain, Total Q and Bandwidth. 1: Physical geometry of microstrip antenna Fig. Introduction to Microstrip Patch Antennas (MPAs) Characteristics of MPAs ; Excitation methods. This paper studies differentially-driven microstrip antennas. The main goal of this paper is design a compact microstrip antenna module (microstrip patch and FSS structure). In this study, a new compact Circularly Polarized (CP) antenna is presented. In this paper, 4 pairs of microstrip MIMO conformal antennas of 35 GHz have been designed. 4%, an impedance bandwidth covers the 24-31. (c) Equivalent circuit model of designed FSS. This chapter focuses on the concept of miniature reconfigurable antennas by presenting and discussing the state of art with contributions in designing reconfigurable miniature printed. 2 and fed with 50 ohms microstrip line using HFSS software. title = "Radiation characteristics of a circular microstrip antenna", abstract = "Radiation patterns of a circular microstrip antenna have been calculated with Green's functions for a two-layer medium and compared with previous results which are valid for thin slabs and small dielectric constants. It is found that the input impedance varies. Saidulu, K. Retrospective Theses and Dissertations. Magnetic coupling of the aperture to the antenna in [18] can be represented by a. This multi-frequency chracteristic can be observed and measured by the sweep-frequency method. Microstrip antennas, in recent years, have been one of the most innovative topics in antenna theory and design. One circular strip radiates lower band, the other one covers higher band. The bandwidth is enhanced by stacking parasitic patches on top of each inset-fed patch. Simulation results using CST studio showed that high gain (54 % increment) and efficiency is increased to 97% have been achieved by the proposed antenna module (MS and FSS). These propagation characteristics create challenges for next generation wireless networks to support various kinds of emerging applications with different QoS requirements [8, 9]. The basic structure of the antenna has been estimated using the transmission line model. Freire, and Francisco Medina, Senior Member, IEEE. Limitation with this patch antenna is also significant in terms of bandwidth. , MBES College of Engineering, Ambajogai, India. INTRODUCTION Microstrip patch antennas have been widely researched and developed in recent years. The main goal of this paper is design a compact microstrip antenna module (microstrip patch and FSS structure). The antenna pattern is a graphical representation in three dimensions of the radiation of. The multidielectric layer microstrip antenna structure involves addition of a superstrate layer over the substrate. The simulation is performed using Zeland IE3D, an integratedfull wave electromagnetic simulation and optimization package for the analysis and design of three dimensional microstrip patchantennas. Some techniques for further embellishing the performance characteristics of the MPA are also discussed. Anil Pandey Antenna Antenna Design Author Beamforming Network Book Compliance Testing DDR4 EDA Electromagnetic FEM Filter Design GPS High Speed Digital High Spped Interconnects Microstrip Antenna Microstrip antenna design book Microwave MIMO Mobile Phone PCIe 3. CHARACTERISTICS OF MICROSTRIP-FED PRINTED BOW-TIE ANTENNA FOR WIDEBAND PHASED ARRAY SYSTEMS Abdelnasser A. The characteristic impedance of a transmission line therefore depends on the source impedance as well as the number of patch antennas as shown in figure 2. 62 dB and -20. With the development of wireless communication technology, 5G will develop into a new generation of wireless mobile communication systems. This technological trend has focused much effort on the basic concepts. Several studies have shown that the impedance bandwidths for printed antennas can be controlled by coupling between the patch and the slot in the. These structures are realized by etching off defected patterns from the ground plane of planar circuits and antennas. ; Guha, Debatosh 2003-12-20 00:00:00 REFERENCES 1. The use of metamaterials in single or multiple layers has been shown to contribute a great deal to the design of a high-gain microstrip antenna at 10. These advantages of microstrip. The effects of mechanical instability in antenna's dimensional parameters on the radiation characteristics have also been assessed based on the measurements for several embroidered sample patch antennas, which are electromagnetically fed through the embroidered microstrip line. The circuit designs were simulated and optimised using CST Microwave Studio and the simulated results are compared with the measured results. However, the stretchable characteristics of the microstrip antenna. Each element antenna is designed to have a tilted beam toward a. AU - Yi, Ning. enhance antenna characteristics. Provide a physical understanding of the basic physical properties of microstrip antennas. Frequency Selective Surfaces based High Performance Microstrip Antenna. Characteristics of a Compact Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antenna V. Pozar, “Full-Wave Solution for an Aperture Coupled Patch Fed by Perpendicular Coplanar Strips”, IEEE Trans. Investigation of radiation characteristics for microstrip antennas using geometries such as the island and the curve of Minkowisk as well as fractal-shaped slots in the ground plane is shown in. The aim is to characterize the patch antenna properties in the presence of the EBG. characteristics of leaky-wave antennas for the empirical design of broadband tapered microstrip leaky-wave antennas. 3 percent for SWR ≤ 2. , "Radiation characteristics of a wraparound microstrip antenna on a conical surface" (1994). The book discusses basic and advanced concepts of microstrip antennas, including design procedure and recent applications. It is found that the input impedance varies. A Ka-band inset-fed microstrip patches linear antenna array is presented for the fifth generation (5G) applications in different countries. UHF Patch Antennas for Space Antenna Development Corporation, Inc. The present invention relates to a microstrip patch antenna and array antenna using a dielectric superstrate, and particularly to a microstrip patch antenna using a dielectric superstrate and an array antenna using the same, for a wireless communication base station, a wireless local area network, satellite communications and satellite broadcasting. 2 3-D view of a Cylindrical DRA with Microstrip line feed. The patch of the antenna must be a very thin conductive region, t<<λ 0 (: λ 0 free space wavelength). Provide a physical understanding of the basic physical properties of microstrip antennas. This paper studies differentially-driven microstrip antennas. Presents a novel approach to enhance the radiation characteristics of planar antennas using FSS technology; Systematic design and analysis of FSS based antenna structure will help reader to understand. Srinivasa Rao, K. AU - Cheng, Huanyu. By introducing the defect in. The length of microstrip patch antenna is given by the following equations:[3] ,. Single Element Microstrip Patch Antenna The microstrip patch antenna is a single layer design which consists generally of four parts. waterhouse_at_ieee. Conductor and dielectric losses become more severe for thinner substrate. 4%, an impedance bandwidth covers the 24-31. Rectangular Patch Antennas — Geometry and Parameters, Characteristics of Microstrip Antennas. This antenna resonated at three bands namely 4. 3 Characteristics and Design Aspects of Microstrip Antennas 2. Retrospective Theses and Dissertations. It is found that the input impedance varies. Details of the design along with experimental and simulation results in FEKO are. Dielectric SUPERSTRATE Thickness VARIATIONON the Characteristics of Circular Patch Antenna - written by V. Chapter 2 Theory related to Antenna 2. [15] have designed a microstrip antenna for dual band operation, as shown in Figure1. The antenna is constructed on an FR-4 epoxy substrate with thickness of 1. Single Element Microstrip Patch Antenna The microstrip patch antenna is a single layer design which consists generally of four parts. characteristics of leaky-wave antennas for the empirical design of broadband tapered microstrip leaky-wave antennas. This technological trend has focused much effort on the basic concepts. directivity antenna systems, comprising of a microstrip patch antenna (MPA) covered by a planar EBG superstrate. Overview of Microstrip Antennas Also called patch antennas. 6 GHz is studied. Kasabegoudar. STARS Citation. With these features, this antenna is suitable for various millimeter-wave applications. Some techniques for further embellishing the performance characteristics of the MPA are also discussed. 53 dBi at corresponding frequencies. characteristics of the microstrip antenna proposed for the SAEP telecommunica-tion transmitting antenna. If we use a substrate of a high-permittivity antenna gain that can be achieved is 10 dBi with a smaller radiating patch. Introduction: In this paper, the design, simulation, and fabrication of a novel compact ultra-wideband (UWB) monopole microstrip antenna with dual band-notched characteristics for short distance wireless applications were explored. Introduction Antennas play a key role in the present day wireless and mobile communication systems, and microstrip patch antennas are widely deployed in our mobile and portable communication devices because of their small sizes, low production cost, light weight, conformability, ease of fabrication and the ease with which they can be etched on a circuit board. By adding the circular patches and L shape microstrip the axial-ratio of this proposed antenna has been improved. A good agreement between. 8GHz Keshav Gupta#1, Kiran Jain#2, Pratibha Singh#3 #1,2,3 Department Of Computer Science and Engineering, Galgotias University, Greater Noida,(U. In this paper, the radiation characteristics of a microstrip patch antenna are investigated systematically for various sizes of a square grounded dielectric substrate with various dielectric constants by the simulation using HFSS and experiment. So, Superstrate (radome) is used on a microstrip antenna as a cover to protect the antenna. characteristics of leaky-wave antennas for the empirical design of broadband tapered microstrip leaky-wave antennas. DESIGN OF MICROSTRIP ANTENNA WITH METAMATERIAL SUPERSTRATE Microstrip antenna with square patch (5. It may be mentioned that the strong revival of research and development in the region of microstrip antenna. In order to describe the algorithm for the design of conformal microstrip antennas, for the sake of simplicity, let us first consider a probe-fed planar microstrip antenna with a gular patch of length Lpa and width Wpa , mounted on a dielectric substrate of thickness hs , relative permittivity εr , and loss tangent tan δ, such as the one shown in Figure 1(a). Ultra-Wideband Monopole Antenna with Multiple Notch Characteristics. By introducing the defect in. INTRODUCTION Microstrip patch antennas have been widely researched and developed in recent years. antenna, to achieve the miniaturization of antenna, the planer antenna has some characteristics such as simple, small, light, low proflle, and so on, have been proposed and investigated. Nangare *, Veeresh G. This paper presents the design and development of slotted rectangular microstrip antenna for quad band operation and ominidirectional radiation characteristics. Islam2, and Suzilawati Muhamud-Kayat1 Abstract|This paper presents a frequency and pattern reconflgurable stacked patch microstrip array antenna fed by aperture-coupled technique. For free materials of different engineering subjects use my android application named Engineering Funda with following link: https. The patch antenna can be printed on a circuit board directly via etching. A Ka-band inset-fed microstrip patches linear antenna array is presented for the fifth generation (5G) applications in different countries. https: Characteristics of the Normal Modes. Integrals in the Moment Method Solution of Microstrip Antennas and Circuits," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, accepted for publication. There exists S-shaped coupling structure between the patches and a wide ground slot to improve antenna characteristics. The distance between the feed point and the center of the main radiation patch is L2. 5 and 17GHz and their dimensions are shown in Tables 1, 2 and 3 respectively. 1 The structure of microstrip antenna. Characteristics of microstrip muscle-loaded single-arm Archimedean spiral antennas as investigated by FDTD numerical computations. However, a microstrip patch antenna has some disadvantages. Structure of Microstrip Antenna 4. This is accomplished by properly choosing the. The performance of the proposed balun was validated with the spiral antenna. Antennas using patches as constitutive elements in an array are also possible. A microstrip antenna can also be printed directly onto a circuit board. microstrip patch antenna with single band-notched characteristics is presented. N2 - Wireless technology plays a critical role in the development of flexible and stretchable electronics due to the increasing demand for compactness, portability, and level of comfort. In the design of a microstrip patch array antenna, the radiating patch elements have to be placed in close proximity. for Ultra-wide Band Applications. Parabolic reflector antenna advantages & disadvantages. build a air box and make the antenna in the center with a quarter lambd. Eldek, Atef Z. It provides better efficiency and better radiation and large operating bandwidth. The characteristics of an annular-ring microstrip antenna operating in TM11 and TM12 modes are determined experimentally. As such, the resultant microstrip antenna 20 has three shorted edges, walls 27-29, and a fourth radiating edge, opening 31. The patch antenna can be printed on a circuit board directly via etching. microstrip patch antenna with single band-notched characteristics is presented. 5 GHz) is introduced. (AntDevCo) employees have designed andmanufactured spacecraft microstrip patch antennas for many small spacecraft programs. Some of the basic characteristics of antennas are discussed below. The pro-posed antenna structure at both on and off stages are fabricated and tested. Radiation Characteristics of Microstrip Dipole Antennas over a High-Impedance Metamaterial Surface made of Hilbert Inclusions Abstract We analyze numerically the radiation characteristics of center-fed microstrip short dipoles and half-wave dipoles near a high-impedance surface made of Hilbert shape flat inclusions. By adding the circular patches and L shape microstrip the axial-ratio of this proposed antenna has been improved. layer complementary Sierpinski microstrip antenna has been reported by the present authors in [5]. This kind has been selected owing to its small size, light weight, low cost and ease of fabrication as well as integration with complex circuitry. 25mm off-center. Microstrip antennas are becoming very widespread within the mobile phone market. The choice of the antenna should take into consideration the application. Introduction to Microstrip Patch Antennas (MPAs) Characteristics of MPAs ; Excitation methods. txt) or read online for free. An antenna array composed of four inclined microstrip Yagi antennas is proposed for a direction finding (DF) system operated in L band. Pozar defined dielectric constant dipole E-plane effect efficiency electric. [Kin-Lu Wong] -- Antenna expert Kin-Lu Wong compiles and organizes the latest research results and other cutting-edge developments into an extensive survey of the characteristics of microstrip antennas mounted on. As mention earlier, two parameters, the effective dielectric constant €r and the characteristic impedance describe transmission characteristics. Microstrip antennas are best choice for wireless devices because of characteristics like low profile, low weight, ease of fabrication and low cost. Publications - Microstrip Antennas Sohini Sengupta, David R. In this video, i have explained Designing of Microstrip Antenna. Huie Thesis submitted to the Faculty of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Electrical Engineering Dr. ➨They have lower fabrication cost and hence they can be mass manufactured. Mukesh Arora2. the value of Microstrip line as the basis for microwave components. A microstrip antenna in its basic form consists of a metallic radiating patch on one side of dielectric substrate, which has a ground plane on other side. Structure of a microstrip antenna. This practical resource presents an understanding of the radiation mechanism and characteristics of microstrip antennas, and provides guidance on designing new types of planar monopole antennas with multi-octave bandwidth. Reconflgurable Microstrip Stacked Array Antenna with Frequency and Pattern Characteristics Nurulazlina Ramli1, *, Mohd T. In this paper, we present an offset microstrip-fed ultrawideband antenna with band notch characteristics. This technological trend has focused much effort on the basic concepts, characteristics and design of a Microstrip patch antenna. Two dual frequency microstrip antennas designed with HFSS, that is manufactured by Ansoft of the United States, can be applied to WLAN. An integral equation for the unknown patch current densities is formulated in the spectral domain. , have been reported in various literatures [4{6]. Single-feed microstrip patch antennas with fft patch shapes viz. BAMU Aurangabad. It consists of a flat rectangular sheet or "patch" of metal, mounted over a larger sheet of metal called a ground plane. 2 Design of a Low Side Lobe Level Microstrip Antenna Array 219 6. 520 GHz to 2. In Figure 4, all the ends of each port of the proposed feed network for two-by-two microstrip patch antenna are made with microstrip lines. The array employs 16 elements in an H-plane new configuration. Ground Structure provided with slots and defects helps in achieving better radiation characteristics, which patterns the effective inductance and capacitance of the microstrip patch antenna. Pozar, “Characterization of an Aperture Coupled Microstrip Patch Antenna with a Thick Ground Plane”, Electronics Letters, vol. Introduction to Patch Antennas. A mode expansion technique is then used to find fields and resonant frequencies. Pozar, “Full-Wave Solution for an Aperture Coupled Patch Fed by Perpendicular Coplanar Strips”, IEEE Trans. Figure 2 present the simulated 2D cut view and 3D far zone E-plane radiation patterns for this antenna. org 2 Outline. the characteristics of the circular patch antenna. The antennas have properties and characteristics to ensure proper operation. The antenna has four cuts in its corners in order to introduce PIN diode to have a polarization agile antenna by changing the diodes states. In this case a coaxial cable fed microstrip line is used which leads to good impedance matching and its operating frequency is 2. It is usually constructed from a half wavelength microstrip mounted on a substrate above a ground plane. Microstrip Patch Antenna Structure. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Microstrip Patch Antennas. By understanding the microstrip transmission line, designers can properly build these structures to meet their needs. 1 The structure of microstrip antenna. Pathak & Veeresh G. This method is based on a series of investigations that correlate the receive and transmit mode properties of the composite system. developed in order to achieve higher bandwidths, as will be demonstrated in this paper. Single and dual-beam microstrip leaky-wave antennas fed by a short-end coplanar waveguide (CPW)-to-slot transition are presented. 1106-1107, July 1994. Author(s): K. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. 2 Design of a Low Side Lobe Level Microstrip Antenna Array 219 6. 6 GHz band and in-band crosspolarization of less than 37 dB. The ground plane must have comparatively very large dimensions than the patch. antenna placed on the front surface of the sensor head and a millimeter-wave circuit inside it. They are lightweight, simple and inexpensive, most suited for aerospace and mobile communication. Characteristics of a cylindrical triangular microstrip antenna Characteristics of a cylindrical triangular microstrip antenna Pan, Shan‐Cheng; Wong, Kin‐Lu 1997-05-01 00:00:00 3. Author information: (1)Electrical Engineering Group, Institute of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Tromsø, N-9037 Tromsø, Norway. Optimization of Microstrip Antenna Characteristics Using Photonic Band Gap Structure - Free download as PDF File (. 6 cm, h = 3. Microstrip antennas (MSAs) offer many attractive features such as low-profile, light weight, planar configuration, ease of fabrication, conformable to planar and non-planar surfaces [1] etc. It was wrong to ask the question in that way. The microstrip is a very simple yet useful way to create a transmission line with a PCB. If the dielectric constant of the material is not known, you can choose to put in the velocity of. A Planar Microstrip Antenna with Enhanced Triple-Bands Notched Characteristics for UWB Applications. 66 GHz and 23. This is accomplished by properly choosing the. This paper mainly studies the dual frequency characteristics of microstrip antennas. Design of an 8X1 Square Microstrip Patch Antenna Array 75 The dimensions are w = 7. the explained cavity model for the antenna, aperture magnetic current and dynamic planar. The variations in the sizes and position of a parasitic element with the input impedance and bandwidth of a rectangular microstrip antenna are investigated by the method of moments. However, the stretchable characteristics of the microstrip antenna. The main reason for the high Q factor is that patch antennas are essentially circuits printed on a relatively thin substrate: the higher the dielectric, the higher the Q factor. 53 dBi at corresponding frequencies. Retrospective Theses and Dissertations. The size of the microstrip antenna is inversely proportional to its. Elsherbeni, and Randy L. Structure of Microstrip Antenna 4. Request PDF | Microstrip Patch Antennas—Basic Characteristics and Some Recent Advances | The basic geometry of a microstrip patch antenna (MPA) consists of a metallic patch printed on a grounded. An integral equation for the unknown patch current densities is formulated in the spectral domain. The authors explore how to select and design proper broadband microstrip antenna configurations for compact, tunable, dual. These results show that a Microstrip patch antenna mainly radiates in the vertical direction. The measured reflection coeflicients. Microstrip patch antennas have become the favorite of antenna designers because of its versatility and advantages of planar profile, ease of fabrication, compatibility with integrated circuit technology, and conformability with a shaped surface. 3 Characteristics and Design Aspects of Microstrip Antennas 2. polarization characteristics of microstrip patch antenna. N2 - Wireless technology plays a critical role in the development of flexible and stretchable electronics due to the increasing demand for compactness, portability, and level of comfort. Characteristics. An antenna can be reconfigured using p-i-n diode or transistor switches. This paper mainly studies the dual frequency characteristics of microstrip antennas. Pozar, “Full-Wave Solution for an Aperture Coupled Patch Fed by Perpendicular Coplanar Strips”, IEEE Trans. 13 dBi and 3. Freire, and Francisco Medina, Senior Member, IEEE. This kind has been selected owing to its small size, light weight, low cost and ease of fabrication as well as integration with complex circuitry. 1049/PBEW028F_ch3; For access to this article, please select a purchase option:. Since it is common practice to combine several radios into one wireless and use single antenna. Simulation results using CST studio showed that high gain (54 % increment) and efficiency is increased to 97% have been achieved by the proposed antenna module (MS and FSS). In practice, many dielectric and magnetic media are anisotropic. 1 Design of a 16GHz Compact Microstrip Antenna Array 215. If we use a substrate of a high-permittivity antenna gain that can be achieved is 10 dBi with a smaller radiating patch. Introduction to Microstrip Patch Antennas (MPAs) Characteristics of MPAs ; Excitation methods. Islam2, and Suzilawati Muhamud-Kayat1 Abstract|This paper presents a frequency and pattern reconflgurable stacked patch microstrip array antenna fed by aperture-coupled technique. 0GHz Microstrip Isolator airport surveillance radar and Small Aircrafts (UAV) Surveillance Radar Anti-jamming GNSS Antenna Arrays automobile detect radar burden distribution detect cargo vessel detect radar Cavity Multiplexer expressway monitoring FM Antennas FOD detect system. Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, 48(4), pp. 2 and fed with 50 ohms microstrip line using HFSS software. Illustration of Radiation Pattern. The bandwidth of antenna is defined as the range of frequencies over which the characteristics of the antenna are maintained to the specified value. 9 GHz tuning stub [12] 11 Microstrip fed UWB Antenna 5. Rectangular Microstrip Antenna. Applications include GPS, USAF SGLS, NASA SN (Including. microstrip antennas I. The patch of the antenna must be a very thin conductive region, t<<λ 0 (: λ 0 free space wavelength). Characteristics of microstrip antennas with a superstrate Abstract: A method of analyzing and/or improving printed circuit antenna performance by the addition of a superstrate (cover) layer has recently been discussed for the case of a Hertzian dipole [1]. is fundamentally bandwidth limited to approximately 2 – 5% [1]. Radiation patterns of a circular microstrip antenna have been calculated with Green's functions for a two-layer medium and compared with previous results which are valid for thin slabs and small dielectric constants. In the design of a microstrip patch array antenna, the radiating patch elements have to be placed in close proximity. This kind has been selected owing to its small size, light weight, low cost and ease of fabrication as well as integration with complex circuitry. Two dual frequency microstrip antennas designed with HFSS, that is manufactured by Ansoft of the United States, can be applied to WLAN. A microstrip patch antenna is one of the most popular microwave antennas. They are the original type of microstrip antenna described by Howell in 1972; the two metal sheets together form a resonant piece of microstrip transmission line with a. 36 GHz frequency. As shown in Fig. As an important candidate in wireless technology, microstrip antennas have recently been explored for flexible and stretchable electronics. Pattern Analysis of "The Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna" Vivekananda Lanka Subrahmanya Final Master Degree Thesis 30 ECTS, Thesis No. Optimization of Microstrip Antenna Characteristics Using Photonic Band Gap Structure - Free download as PDF File (. Though the geometry is similar to a flat waveguide, antenna 20 is closer to a microstrip antenna in appearance and performance characteristics. Hence, most of the electric field lines reside in the. Characteristics of a Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna Baljeet Singh Sinwar, Mithilsh Kumar. Yusof1, Mohammad T. 04λ 0, the CP antenna is fabricated, and the performance is validated through experimental analysis. Munson (now in our Microwave Hall of Fame!) and others using low-loss soft substrate materials that were just becoming available. But no systematic study addressing the ef-fect of aspect ratio (a / b) on radiation characteristics has. Two dual frequency microstrip antennas designed with HFSS, that is manufactured by Ansoft of the. The antenna is designed to operate at 30 GHz which is one of the frequencies of mm - wave spectrum. Impedance characteristics of the inverted microstrip circular patch antenna Siddiqui, Jawad Y. The measurement results confirmed the theoretical analysis. , Jha, Rakesh Mohan Free Preview. 825 GHz Parasitic Element [13] 12 CWP fed UWB Antenna 4. It plays a very significant role in today's world of wireless communication systems. The red colour bend depicts VSWR attributes of the Microstrip octagonal slot antenna and the solid blue bend depicts VSWR attributes of the Microstrip octagonal ring antenna. Each element antenna is designed to have a tilted beam toward a. 2, and substrate thickness as 0. The multidielectric layer microstrip antenna structure involves addition of a superstrate layer over the substrate. Antennas using patches as Advantages [ edit ] Rectangular patch [ edit ] Specifications [ edit ] Other types [ edit ]. Klein, On the study of microstrip ring and varactor-tuned ring circuits, IEEE Trans Microwave Theory Tech MTT-35 (1987), 1288 â 1295. STARS Citation. A microstrip antenna is a low profile antenna that has number of advantages over the other antennas. It may be mentioned that the strong revival of research and development in the region of microstrip antenna attributed to the argent need for the new technology. In this study, a classical wideband microstrip dipole antenna (MDA) design which can be used in WLAN/WiMAX applications (covering the bands 2. It is important that the superstrate layer must act as a part of the antenna. 1(c) and (d), the microstrip line feeding the antenna is excited by a delta-gap voltage generator placed at the excitation. 175mm, ε r = 2. characteristics for a single-patch microstrip antenna. The EM waves fringe off the top patch into the substrate, reflecting off the ground plane and radiates out into the air. amplitude analysis antenna element Antennas and Propagation Antennas Propagat aperture coupled array antenna axial ratio band bandwidth beam broadside calculated circuit circular patch circularly polarized coaxial computed configuration coupled microstrip D. Microstrip patch antenna consists of a radiating patch on one side of a dielectric substrate (FR4) that has a ground plane (Cu) on the other side as shown in Fig. It may be mentioned that the strong revival of research and development in the region of microstrip antenna. A ground shorted metallic strip adjacent to the top. There are some advantages to using a microstrip transmission line over other alternatives. The book discusses basic and advanced concepts of microstrip antennas, including design procedure and recent applications. Jacobsen S(1), Rolfsnes HO, Stauffer PR. Antennas radiate and receive electromagnetic waves which are converted into current after reception. 66 GHz and 23. The designed antenna has a frequency bandwidth of 184 MHZ with the upper cut-off frequency of 2. In the authors' case, the choice fell on the. Munson (now in our Microwave Hall of Fame!) and others using low-loss soft substrate materials that were just becoming available. Microstrip patch antennas radiate primarily as wide open-open half-wave microstrip resonators. Design & Analysis of a Novel Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna with Improved Performance Using MATLAB for Pervasive Wireless Applications. A Planar Microstrip Antenna with Enhanced Triple-Bands Notched Characteristics for UWB Applications. This scheme can explain and approximately model the radiation characteristics of a linearly tapered leaky-wave microstrip antenna. In this paper, we present an offset microstrip-fed ultrawideband antenna with band notch characteristics. The operation. A Review on Circular Microstrip Patch Antenna with Slots for C Band Applications. It is found that the input impedance varies. Microstrip antennas, in recent years, have been one of the most innovative topics in antenna theory and design. Nangare *, Veeresh G. The radiation bands of the antennas are deduced from the leaky-wave propagation characteristics of the microstrip line first higher order leaky mode. 88mm but did not get good s11 parameter even it was not touching the -10db. Wang, and J. At fu,the antenna can also support a right-hand circular polarization (RHCP) with a good axial ratio to support a satellite communi-cation system. This antenna has been simulated for the operation for a six band microstrip antenna with the centered copper post. Microstrip Antenna 2. As mention earlier, two parameters, the effective dielectric constant €r and the characteristic impedance describe transmission characteristics. Investigation of radiation characteristics for microstrip antennas using geometries such as the island and the curve of Minkowisk as well as fractal-shaped slots in the ground plane is shown in. An antenna array composed of four inclined microstrip Yagi antennas is proposed for a direction finding (DF) system operated in L band. A comparison of an array element with a single patch radiator shows that the mutual coupling effects cause no significant mismatch between a patch and a feed network in practical applications. P), India Abstract— Here we made an attempt to maximize the gain of microstrip patch antenna. This technological trend has focused much effort on the basic concepts, characteristics and design of a Microstrip patch antenna. Presents a novel approach to enhance the radiation characteristics of planar antennas using FSS technology; Systematic design and analysis of FSS based antenna structure will help reader to understand. Now, antenna expert Kin-Lu Wong compiles and organizes the latest research results and other cutting-edge developments into an extensive survey of the characteristics of microstrip antennas mounted on canonical nonplanar surfaces. The antenna is constructed on an FR-4 epoxy substrate with thickness of 1. Patch antennas are low cost, have a low profile and are easily fabricated. In the design of a microstrip patch array antenna, the radiating patch elements have to be placed in close proximity. The operation. The simulation results indicate that the antenna has a satisfactory performance. "This anthology combines 15 years of microstrip antenna technology research into one significant volume and includes a special introductory tutorial by the co-editors. The proposed antenna is simulated on Duroid substrate with dielectric constant of 2. It is found that the input impedance varies. Originality/value: The characteristics of conformal microstrip antennas are investigated for single patch radiators and patch elements in array environments. The microstrip antenna can be fabricated with low cost lithographic technique or by monolithic integrated circuit technique. Design & Analysis of a Novel Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna with Improved Performance Using MATLAB for Pervasive Wireless Applications. microstrip antenna.